How do we deal with type II diabetes without all the medication? I am appalled at the lists of side effects from my prescribed meds. I am obese and know that losing weight would help with the disease, but what else?
Type II diabetes is the end-stage of insulin resistance.
Insulin resistance is caused by the excessive intake of sugar and carbohydrates over several years or decades. The cell membranes of the body become ‘resistant’ to the flood of glucose available, so the glucose level and insulin level rise in the blood.
High glucose levels combine with protein in the body which we call glycation. If the protein glycated is nervous tissue, it causes tingling, pain, numbness which is called neuropathy. If the protein is kidney tissue the kidney starts to function less well until it goes into kidney failure. If the protein is red blood cells they become sticky and tend to clump, causing clotting and obstruction to the flow of blood. This is measured as Hemoglobin A1C. Platelets, blood vessel walls, retina tissue-all become glycated with glucose and cause problems. Insulin is one of the most inflammatory substances the body makes.
As the insulin levels rise, more inflammation is present in the body-headaches, joint aches, muscle aches, swelling, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, constipation, arrhythmias-all manifestations of inflammation.
So, the first step in the treatment of insulin resistance and type II diabetes is to stop the intake of all sugar and reduce the major carbohydrate load-bread, rice, pasta, potatoes, fruit.
Focus on the ingestion of vegetables, legumes, healthy fats (avocados, nuts, seeds, olive oil), and meats sparingly.
Supplements are very important, starting with a potent multivitamin and essential fatty acids. To help with insulin resistance, add chromium, vanadium and possibly biotin. DHEA and testosterone levels need to be well within the normal range to reduce insulin resistance. Glucophage (Metformin) also reduces insulin resistance, and also blocks the absorption of glucose from the intestinal tract. Because of the strong inflammation component, anti-oxidants need to be added-vitamins C and E, alpha-lipoic acid, perhaps even glutathione. Magnesium tends to be low in all diabetics so it also needs to be added.
Diabetes type II is both preventable and treatable. Start with the diet, which was the cause in the first place, then add the additional support.